World Archery is the international governing body for the sport of archery. Their headquarters are based in Lausanne, Switzerland. The key mission is to ensure the development and promotion of archery on an international level. Currently the organization has over 160 member nations with an obvious goal to expand that to the maximum. World Archery set and oversee the rules and regulations and are responsible for organising the sport within the Olympic Games, Paralympic Games and World Games, in addition to their flagship competition, the World Archery Championships. They are one of the world governing bodies who have been in existence for a very long time. Originally founded in September 1931 in Lwow in Poland as the Fédération Internationale de Tir à l'Arc. This area is now known as Lviv in the Ukraine. The ultimate goal of any sport is to be included in the Olympic Games and as was the case with archery, it featured in 1900, 1904, 1908 and 1920. It was then removed and after the first World Archery Congress, the motion was to put a request in to have the sport reinstated. It was successful and 41 years after the last representation, archery once again showcased at the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich. In 2006 the sport launched its first annual competition circuit with the aim also to stage these tournaments in iconic and memorable cities around the world. In 2011 the name of World Archery was officially endorsed after the retirement of the FITA identity.
The name archery comes from the Latin arcus and represents the art and skill of using a bow to shoot arrows. A person who is an expert at archery is sometimes called a toxophilite. Evidence of early use for hunting and combat stretches back several thousand years and Asia stands out as the region where archery of various formats featured the most prominently. After the domestication of horses in Asia and the introduction of horses to North America, it was the central tribesmen and the Plains Indians who became extremely adept at mounted archery. Large armies successfully invaded and conquered areas of Eurasia. With the development and introduction of firearms, archery began a slow decline, especially in warfare. Despite its high social status and even though firearms were considered inferior in rate-of-fire, often being very sensitive to wet weather, it was the longer effective range and tactical superiority that led to firearms gaining greater importance. By the late eighteenth-century, a revival came about through the creation of a number of significant organizations specifically dedicated to archery. The 1840s saw further attempts in turning the creation to a popular sport. Despite a decline in popularity in the 1880s, it was still included in the 1900 Olympic Games. It was in the 1920s where professional engineers took an interest in the sport and set in motion new designs in the recurve and compound bow, laying the foundation for the growth of the sport that it is today.