Racerunning is a sport specifically for disabled athletes with a weakened balance. Athletes are assisted by a three-wheeled frame (a running bike) with a saddle and a body support. The most standout feature is there are no pedals. During competitions, athletes race on a track and road and cover the standard distances like 100, 200, 400 and 800 metres. Longer distances like 10,000 metres, a half marathon and full marathon are also raced. The sport originated in Denmark in 1991 and the invention of the tricycle ‘learner bike’ has provided people with cerebral palsy, amputees and arthritis sufferers the opportunity to take part in the sport.
Much of where the sport is today can be credited to Mansoor Siddiqi, who also became the world's first Racerunning athlete. Working with fellow Danish Racerunning athlete, Connie Hansen (an occupational therapist), they developed the concept of a three-wheeled bike without pedals. Originally a race was completed on a wheelchair going backwards, but with the new design and the forward movement, a typical 100 metre race was completed at least ten seconds faster. From the early 1990s Racerunning began to be introduced not only in Copenhagen, but also other areas of Denmark. Over the next two decades more clubs were established including the beginnings of an international awareness of the sport through training camps.
The Cerebral Palsy International Sports and Recreation Association (CRISPA) is the leading international sports organisation governing and promoting sport and recreation for Cerebral Palsy. The International Racerunning Committee manages the sport of Racerunning and is based in Frederiksberg, Denmark. The committee is affiliated with CRISPA with the mission to promote the sport worldwide in order to give more athletes access to the sport.