Jūkendō is a Japanese martial art that is not to be confused with Kendo, a separate Japanese martial art. Where Kendo makes use of a sword (or stick) as a weapon type, Jūkendō is the art of bayonet fighting. It developed in Japan from studying Western style bayonet drills introduced by French troops during the Meiji era. During this period, Japanese bayonet fighting was grouped into a training system called Jukenjutsu and formed part of military training at the Toyama Military Academy in Tokyo. After WWII, the art of Jukenjutsu was banned by the Allies, but later made a return in the form of Jūkendō.
In 1956 the All-Japan Jūkendō Federation was formed to oversee the rules, training, and overall growth of the sport across Japan. With over thirty thousand members, the Japanese government added the martial art to be taught in schools in 2017 and now forms part of nine approved Japanese martial arts to feature in junior high schools. Modern Jūkendō has replaced the rifle with a replica that has a blunted bayonet fixed on the front. The sport is both used in the military in two-person drills, and by civilians in a competitive format. Protective clothing is worn during competitions. The All-Japan Jūkendō Federation is based in Tokyo.